At present time aqua farming is the most growing sector in the whole world which tries to reduce the food scarcity on our living planet. India has vast water & land resources, so applying different types of aquafarming can secure our present & future. Generally, aquafarming has been specified in many ways, it has been termed the culture of different sorts of the aquatic organisms in aquatic environments both open and captive conditions.
This type of aquafarming has a broad spectrum. From the ancient period to the still present we use huge sea resources for the exploitation of the fish with different types of aquatic organisms such as shellfishes, seaweeds & marine pearls. It can be easily defined as the culture of aquatic organisms in the ocean or using the ocean water for rearing the aquatic organisms.
It’s a very popular aquafarming in different parts of India. People use cropland with arid land for implied a different kind of aquafarming in it. This type of farming is designed for only farming freshwater aquatic organisms. Polyculture, mix culture &integrated fish farming are the best examples of this farming. Various systems like intensive, semi-intensive & super intensive are implied for getting handsome revenue from this inland fish farming sector.
India has substantial freshwater resources from which we can achieve maximum yields by sustainably using them. This system support rearing aquatic organisms in a mesh enclosure.
This farming system has begun a groundbreaking chapter in the indoor fish farming system. Recirculatory aquaculture is a technology where the required amount of land & water is less than other types of fish farming. Mainly recycling of the water with the help of clarifier & bio filter & high stocking density of fish is the main theme of this farming system.
Algaculture is a kind of culture in which different types of algae such as Phytoplankton, microphytes & microalgae are cultured for production purposes. Now it has a great demand for its effective uses acting as biogas to fertilizer production.
This farming system is known as the future farming system. Two different types of crops namely fish & plants can be produced at the same time in the same unit by minimum utilization of the natural resources.
• Secure the food demand.
• Maximum utilization of natural resources.
• Create employment.
• Boost up the socio-economic status of people.
• Reduce environmental pollution.
Supports tourism by angling the fish (Fish game competition).
Raise the national income.
Help to build up a distinct type of business such as fish by-product processing, fish preservation, fish processing, etc.
Secure our biodiversity by lowering the pressure on natural resources.
Dr. Rakhi Das
Sage University, Bhopal